Common in both the Arkansas and Red river systems, spotted bass prefer clear lakes and streams in eastern Oklahoma. Although an important game fish in Oklahoma, spotted bass have not been widely cultured or stocked.
Black bass is a general term referring to largemouth, spotted and smallmouth bass and their hybrids. The three species are similar, but can be easily identified. Since water clarity can affect the color of a fish , color is not a reliable way to tell the basses apart.
The most objective way to tell these species apart is by the relationship of the eye and the mouth hinge. On a spotted bass, the mouth hinge lines up vertically with the back edge of the eye; on a smallmouth bass, the mouth hinge vertically lines up in front of the back edge of the eye; and on a largemouth bass, the mouth hinge vertically lines up behind the back edge of the eye.
The spotted bass can also be identified by rows of spots on the belly with an iridescent green pattern along the back and it has a sandpaper-like tooth patch on the tongue. The dorsal fin is not deeply notched. • Eyes are sometimes red. • Also called “Kentuckies,” or “redeye bass.”
Spotted bass inhabit flowing streams in eastern Oklahoma and are more tolerant of slow, warm, turbid water than smallmouth. In lakes, spotted bass are found in deeper water. They prefer rocky bottom areas as well as areas with steeply sloping sides.
Crayfish and immature insects make up the bulk of their diet. They also eat small fish such as bluegill.
Spawning takes place in the spring when water temperatures reach 63 to 68 degrees F. Males clean out a nest on a gravel or rock bottom, usually near heavy cover. After the eggs are laid and fertilized, males guard the nest similar to the largemouth bass males, remaining with the fry until they are about one month old.
Spotted bass are usually caught much deeper than largemouth bass and are more inclined to school. They are taken frequently from streams, sharing stringers with green sunfish and smallmouth bass.