Field Guide

Discover the diverse species of Oklahoma.

You are here

Marbled Salamander

Marbled salamanders have been described as a “chunky salamander”. They have a black body color with 7 to 16 light markings or bands across the back and tail. These bands tend to be white in males, gray in females.
Marbled salamanders prefer moist woodland areas and have been documented in a six county area in southeastern Oklahoma, including LeFlore, Latimer, Pushmataha, Atoka, Choctaw and McCurtain counties.
Life Cycle: 
Like many other species in the “mole salamander” family, marbled salamanders remain underground most of the year. They migrate to small pools of water after a rain event to breed. Marbled salamanders mate in the fall and females lay 50 to 200 eggs in a small depression. The eggs must be later submerged in rain or flood water to develop. Females brood the clutch, keeping eggs protected and moist until the rains arrive. Hatching can occur within days of a flooding event.
Marbled salamanders can reach three to four inches in total length.