Some ponds continue to produce quality crappie fishing, and it is possible to manage a pond for crappie. However, we recommend that you stock them in your pond only if you are specifically interested in managing your pond for crappie.
If you are going to stock crappie in a pond, it is highly recommended that you stock black crappie or a hybrid cross of black and white crappie. Black crappie generally do not overpopulate and stunt to the degree white crappie do, and therefore they generally exhibit superior growth. Black crappie also are somewhat more tolerant of handling than white crappie, which improves stocking success. The two species can be identified by counting the stiff spines in the dorsal (top) fin. Black crappie have seven to eight dorsal spines, whereas white crappie generally have six.
The key to maintaining a “quality” crappie population in a pond is having a crowded bass population. Therefore, if your primary intent is to produce quality bass fishing, stocking crappie is not recommended.
A crappie pond should be at least two acres in size, be relatively clear and have aquatic vegetation covering about 20 percent of the surface. The bass population must be able to reproduce well each year.
If the pond provides satisfactory angling and already contains crappie, the key to success is effective bass predation on smaller crappie. A 15-inch minimum bass length limit should be imposed until crappie numbers are reduced.